0017 – Germanicus of Rome celebrated his victory over the Germans.
1328 – William of Ockham was forced to flee from Avignon by Pope John XXII.
1521 – Martin Luther was banned by the Edict of Worms because of his religious beliefs and writings.
1647 – A new law banned Catholic priests from the colony of Massachusetts. The penalty was banishment or death for a second offense.
1660 – King Charles II of England landed at Dover after being exiled for nine years.
1670 – A treaty was signed in secret in Dover, England, between Charles II and Louis XIV ending the hostilities between them.
1691 – Jacob Leiser, leader of the popular uprising in support of William and Mary’s accession to the English throne, was executed for treason.
1736 – The British and Chickasaw Indians defeated the French at the Battle of Ackia.
1791 – The French Assembly forced King Louis XVI to hand over the crown and state assets.
1805 – Napoleon Bonaparte was crowned King of Italy in Milan Cathedral.
1831 – Russians defeated the Poles at battle of Ostrolenska.
1835 – A resolution was passed in the U.S. Congress stating that Congress has no authority over state slavery laws.
1836 – The U.S. House of Representatives adopted what has been called the Gag Rule.
1864 – The Territory of Montana was organized.
1865 – Arrangements were made in New Orleans for the surrender of Confederate forces west of the Mississippi.
1868 – U.S. President Andrew Johnson was acquitted, by one vote, of all charges in his impeachment trial.
1896 – The Dow Jones Industrial Average appeared for the first time in the "Wall Street Journal."
1896 – The last czar of Russia, Nicholas II, was crowned.
1908 – In Persia, the first oil strike was made in the Middle East.
1913 – Actors’ Equity Association was organized in New York City.
1926 – In Morocco, rebel leader Abd el Krim surrendered.
1938 – The House Committee on Un-American Activities began its work of searching for subversives in the United States.
1940 – The evacuation of Allied troops from Dunkirk, France, began during World War II.
1946 – A patent was filed in the United States for an H-bomb.
1946 – British Prime Minister Winston Churchill signed a military pact with Russian leader Joseph Stalin. Stalin promised a "close collaboration after the war."
1948 – The U.S. Congress passed Public Law 557 which permanently established the Civil Air Patrol as the Auxiliary of the new U.S. Air Force.
1956 – The first trailer bank opened for business in Locust Grove, Long Island, NY. The 46-foot-long trailer took in $100,000 in deposits its first day.
1958 – Union Square, San Francisco became a state historical landmark.
1959 – The word "Frisbee" became a registered trademark of Wham-O.
1961 – Civil rights activist group Freedom Ride Coordinating Committee was established in Atlanta, GA.
1961 – A U.S. Air Force bomber flew across the Atlantic in a record time of just over three hours.
1969 – The Apollo 10 astronauts returned to Earth after a successful eight-day dress rehearsal for the first manned moon landing.
1972 – The Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT I) was signed by the U.S. and USSR. The short-term agreement put a freeze on the testing and deployment of intercontinental and submarine-launched ballistic missiles for a 5-year period.
1973 – Kathy Schmidt set an American women’s javelin record with a throw of 207 feet, 10 inches.
1975 – American stuntman Evel Knievel suffered severe spinal injuries in Britain when he crashed while attempting to jump 13 buses in his car.
1977 – George H. Willig was arrested after he scaled the South Tower of New York’s World Trade Center. It took him 3 1/2 hours.
1978 – The first legal casino in the Eastern U.S. opened in Atlantic City, NJ.
1987 – Sri Lanka launched Operation Liberation. It was an offensive against the Tamil rebellion in Jaffra.
1988 – The Edmonton Oilers won their fourth NHL Stanley Cup in five seasons. They swept the series 4 games to 0 against the Boston Bruins.
1991 – A Lauda Air Boeing 767 crashed in Thailand, killing all 223 people aboard.
1994 – U.S. President Clinton renewed trade privileges for China, and announced that his administration would no longer link China’s trade status with its human rights record.
1998 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that Ellis Island was mainly in New Jersey, not New York.
1998 – The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that police officers in high-speed chases are liable for bystander injuries only if their "actions shock the conscience."
1998 – The Grand Princess cruise ship made its inaugural cruise. The ship measured 109,000 tons and cost approximately $450 million, making it the largest and most expensive cruise ship ever built.