This Day in History – June 4, 2012

1615 – The fortress of Osaka, Japan, fell to shogun Ieyasu after a six month siege.

1647 – The British army seized King Charles I and held him as a hostage.

1674 – Horse racing was prohibited in Massachusetts.

1717 – The Freemasons were founded in London.

1784 – Marie Thible became the first woman to fly in a hot-air balloon. The flight was 45 minutes long and reached a height of 8,500 feet.

1792 – Captain George Vancouver claimed Puget Sound for Britain.

1794 – British troops captured Port-au-Prince, Haiti.

1805 – Tripoli was forced to conclude peace with U.S. after conflicts over tribute.

1812 – The Louisiana Territory had its name changed to the Missouri Territory.

1816 – The Washington was launched at Wheeling, WV. It was the first stately, double-decker steamboat.

1878 – Turkey turned Cyprus over to Britain.

1892 – The Sierra Club was incorporated in San Francisco.

1896 – Henry Ford made a successful test drive of his new car in Detroit, MI. The vehicle was called a quadricycle.

1911 – Gold was discovered in Alaska’s Indian Creek.

1918 – French and American troops halted Germany’s offensive at Chateau-Thierry, France.

1919 – The U.S. Senate passed the Women’s Suffrage bill.

1924 – An eternal light was dedicated at Madison Square in New York City in memory of all New York soldiers who died in World War I.

1931 – The first rocket-glider flight was made by William Swan in Atlantic City, NJ.

1935 – "Invisible" glass was patented by Gerald Brown and Edward Pollard.

1939 – The first shopping cart was introduced by Sylvan Goldman in Oklahoma City, OK. It was actually a folding chair that had been mounted on wheels.

1940 – The British completed the evacuation of 300,000 troops at Dunkirk, France.

1942 – The Battle of Midway began. It was the first major victory for America over Japan during World War II. The battle ended on June 6 and ended Japanese expansion in the Pacific.

1943 – In Argentina, Juan Peron took part in the military coup that overthrew Ramon S. Castillo.

1944 – The U-505 became the first enemy submarine captured by the U.S. Navy.

1944 – During World War II, the U.S. Fifth Army entered Rome, which began the liberation of the Italian capital.

1944 – "Leonidas Witherall" was first broadcast on the Mutual Broadcasting System.

1946 – Juan Peron was installed as Argentina’s president.

1947 – The House of Representatives approved the Taft-Hartley Act. The legislation allowed the President of the United States to intervene in labor disputes.

1954 – French Premier Joseph Laniel and Vietnamese Premier Buu Loc initialed treaties in Paris giving "complete independence" to Vietnam.

1960 – The Taiwan island of Quemoy was hit by 500 artillery shells fired from the coast of Communist China.

1974 – The Cleveland Indians had "Ten Cent Beer Night". Due to the drunken and unruly fans the Indians forfeited to the Texas Rangers.

1974 – Sally Murphy became the first woman to qualify as an aviator with the U.S. Army.

1984 – For the first time in 32 years, Arnold Palmer failed to make the cut for the U.S. Open golf tournament.

1985 – The U.S. Supreme Court upheld a lower court ruling striking down an Alabama law that provided for a daily minute of silence in public schools.

1986 – Jonathan Jay Pollard, a former Navy intelligence analyst, pled guilty in Washington to spying for Israel. He was sentenced to life in prison.

1986 – The California Supreme Court approved a law that limited the liability of manufacturers and other wealthy defendants. It was known as the "deep pockets law."

1989 – In Beijing, Chinese army troops stormed Tiananmen Square to crush the pro-democracy movement. It is believed that hundreds, possibly thousands, of demonstrators were killed.

1992 – The U.S. Postal Service announced that people preferred the "younger Elvis" stamp design in a nationwide vote.

1998 – George and Ira Gershwin received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

2003 – The U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill that would ban "partial birth" abortions with a 282-139 vote.

2003 – Amazon.com announced that it had received more than 1 million orders for the book "Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix." The released date was planned for June 21.

2008 – The United Kingdom and Canada became the first countries to be able to buy and rent films at the iTunes Store.

from On-This- Day.com

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